Terminology

 

Counting


ichi
one

ni two

san three

shi (yon) four

go five

roku six

shichi (nana) seven

hachi eight

kyu nine

ju ten

hyaku one hundred

 

General


go
hard

ju soft

ryu style

kara empty

te hand

sensei teacher

ki spirit, inner power

kiai shout used to unite inner power and ki

dan level

jodan upper level

chudan middle level

gedan lower level

hidari left

migi right

mawate turn

kawaru change

hito person

rei bow

yoi ready

kamae combative posture

hajime begin

yame stop

kime focus

mokuso meditation

 

Stances


dachi
/tachi stance

heisoku dachi closed foot stance (feet together)

musubi dachi formal attention stance (heels together, feet at an angle)

uchi hachiji dachi toes turned in stance

heiko dachi parallel stance (feet shoulder width apart)

hachiji dachi natural stance (feet shoulder width apart, toes slightly pointed out)

shiko dachi straddle leg stance

zenkutsu dachi front stance (back knee drops down to front heel)

renoji dachi the letter “re” stance

neko ashi dachi cat foot stance

sanchin dachi hourglass stance (back toes in line with front heel)

han zenkutsu dachi half front stance (back knee drop down to front toes)

kokutsu dachi back stance

sesan dachi side facing straddle stance

zori ashi dachi like sanchin but both feet straight

kosa dachi crossing stance

t suri ashi dachi crane stance (Rohai)

sugi ashi dachi crane stance (Seiunchin and Rohai)

gankaku dachi crane stance (Rohai)

 

Hand Techniques


tsuki
punch or thrust

uchi strike

nakadaka ippon ken middle finger knuckle fist

ippon ken first finger knuckle fist

kuma de bear hand

washi de eagle hand

empi/hiji elbow

kizame tsuki leading punch, jab

oi tsuki lunge punch

gyaku tsuki reverse punch

ura tsuki short punch (palm side up)

age tsuki rising punch

mawashi tsuki round hook punch

heiko tsuki parallel punch

shotei/teisho tsuki palm heel thrust

seiken tsuki fore fist strike

nukite tsuki finger thrust

ko uchi bent wrist strike

ura ken uchi back fist strike

shuto uchi knife hand srike

hiji uchi/ate elbow strike/smash

tettsui uchi bottom fist strike

shotei/teisho uchi palm heel strike

tsukame grab

 

Foot Techniques


geri
kick

ashi foot/leg

josokutei ball of the foot

sokuto foot edge

kakato heel

haisoku instep

tsumasaki tip of the toe

hiza knee

mae geri (kaegi) front snap kick

mae geri (kekomi) front thrust kick

mawashi geri round house kick

ushiro geri back thrust kick

yoko geri (keagi) side snap kick

yoko geri (kekomi) side thrust kick

kakato fumi geri stamping kick, joint kick

hiza geri knee kick

tatami mawashi geri floor rounhouse

ashi barai foot sweep

mae tobi geri jumping front kick

yoko tobi geri jumping side thrust kick

mikazuki geri crescent kick

 

Blocking Techniques


uke
block

age uke (jodan) rising block

chudan uke outside circular block

chudan uchi uke inside forearm block

gedan barai downward parry

hiki uke pulling/grasping block

kake uke open handed block

shuto uke knife hand block

shotei uke palm heel block

ko uke wrist block

ura uke back hand block

uchi uke inside forarm block

morote uke augmented block (double handed)

mawashi uke round house block

tora guchi double handed open-hand circular block

hiji uke elbow block

hiza uke knee block

Wakarimasen, I do not understand

 

Opening Ceremony
Head Student: shugo line up

Head Student: ki o tsuke attention

Head Student: seiza kneel

Head Student: mokuso meditation

Head Student: mokuso yame finish meditation

Head Student: shomen ni, face front

Head Student: rei bow

Head Student: sensei ni face instructor

Head Student: rei bow

Head Student : otaga ni to each other

Head Student: rei bow

Head Student: kiritsu stand up

 

Closing Class

Head Student: ki o tsuke attention

Head Student: seiza kneel

Head Student: mokuso meditation

Head Student: mokuso yame finish meditation

Head Student: shomen ni, face front

Head Student: Rei, bow

Head Student: Sensei ni, teacher

Head Student: Rei, bow

Head Student: Otaga ni, to each other

Head Student: Rei, bow

Head Student: kiritsu stand up

SELF DEFENCE * CONFIDENCE * FITNESS * FUN